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What is a Parish Council?

There are approximately 9,000 Parish and Town Councils in England, who represent around 16 million people living in communities across England. They form the most local level of government and cover many rural and urban areas.


What's the difference between a Parish Council and a Town Council?

There aren't many differences between the two Councils. They both have the same powers and can provide the same services. The only difference is that a Town Council has made the decision that it should be known as a Town Council instead of a Parish Council, and it has a mayor.


What services can a Parish Council provide?

A Parish Council has an overall responsibility for the well-being of its local community. Its work falls into three main categories:

  • representing the local community
  • delivering services to meet local needs
  • striving to improve quality of life in the parish


A Parish Council might provide and/or maintain some of the following services:

  • allotments
  • burial grounds
  • car parks
  • community transport schemes
  • footpaths
  • bridleways
  • bus shelters
  • commons
  • crime reduction measures
  • leisure facilities

Sherburn Parish Council also works with Ryedale District Council and North Yorkshire County Council for other services, for example:

  • litter bins
  • local youth projects
  • open spaces
  • public toilets
  • planning
  • street cleaning
  • street lighting
  • tourism activities
  • traffic calming measures
  • village greens


How does the Parish Council make decisions?

The Parish Council is made up of a number of councillors who meet regularly to make decisions on the work and direction of the council. As an elected body, the Parish Council is an "it"; and, through it's councillors, is responsible to the people it represents in the local community.

Attending a Parish Council meeting is the best way to find out what it does. Have a look at the other pages on this website to see what the Parish Council has been dealing with recently.


Where does it get it's money from?

Each year a sum of money called a "precept" is collected via your Council Tax. This money is used by the Parish Council to improve facilities and services for local people and to run the Council. Parish councils can also apply for grants and loans.


How are Parish Councillors elected?

Parish Councillors are elected to represent a geographical area known as a ward or, in smaller parishes such as Sherburn, the Parish Council area as a whole. They are elected by people who live in the area.

If the parish is divided into wards, then an election is held in each ward in the same way elections are held in district wards and in county electoral divisions. If the parish doesn't have wards, there will be just a single parish election.

Most parish elections are on the same cycle, with elections being held in 2011, 2015, 2019 and so on.


What do Parish Councillors do?

Councillors have three main areas of work:

  1. Decision-making: through attending meetings and committees with other elected members, Councillors decide which activities to support, where money should be spent, what services should be delivered and what policies should be implemented;
  2. Monitoring: Councillors make sure that their decisions lead to efficient and effective services by keeping an eye on how well things are working;
  3. Getting involved locally: as local representatives, Councillors have responsibilities towards their parishioners and local organisations. This often depends on what the councillor wants to achieve and how much time is available.

The day-to-day work of a councillor may include:

  • going to meetings of local organisations
  • going to meetings of bodies that affect the wider community, such as the police, the Highways Authority, schools and colleges
  • bringing parishioners concerns to the attention of the council


Could I be a Parish Councillor?

As a councillor you can become a voice for your community and affect real change. It helps if you're a "people person" who enjoys talking to other residents but, more importantly, you need to have the concerns and best interests of the parish as a whole at heart. Councillors are community leaders and should represent the aspirations of the public that they serve.

Parish Councils are the most local part of our democratic system and are closest to the public. Why don't you stand for your local Parish Council and see what difference you can make to your local community?


How much time does it take up and when?

On average, less than a couple of hours a week. Obviously there are some Councillors who spend more time than this, and some spend less, but in the main, being a Parish Councillor is an enjoyable way of contributing to your community and helping to make it a better place to live and work. Council meetings are always held in the evening, as are most of the other group meetings which councillors attend on the Parish Council's behalf.

Talking and listening to your fellow parishioners can be done at any time but you must be able to spend a couple of hours once a month on a Tuesday evening attending the Parish Council meeting.


Am I qualified?

Most people are. However there are a few basic rules. You have to be:

  • a British citizen, or a citizen of the Commonwealth or the European Union,
  • 18 years or older on the day you become nominated for election, and
  • live within the parish or within 3 miles of it during the last twelve months.

You cannot stand for election if you:

  • are the subject of a bankruptcy restriction order or interim order
  • have, within five years before the day of the election, been convicted in the United Kingdom of any offence and have had a prison sentence (whether suspended or not) for a period of over three months without the option of a fine.

There are also some other disqualifications relating to candidacy, but they are too complex to outline here.


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